Several states and cities - such as Connecticut, Vermont, Massachusetts and New York City - are passing regulations toward organic waste diversion from landfills, for example through food waste bans. The opportunity to produce energy from waste and generate positive financial outcomes becomes a more and more attractive option for municipalities and waste management companies.
The EPA Food Recovery Hierarchy challenges food waste producers to reduce as much of their food waste as possible – saving money, helping communities, and protecting the environment.
Everything that can not be reduced, donated or repurposed can be recovered through industrial uses such as anaerobic digestion to produce energy. Additional composting is an option, and disposal to a landfill should only be the very last resort.
The Challenge is part of the EPA’s Sustainable Materials Management Program, which seeks to reduce the environmental impact of materials through their entire life cycle.